['kklu fu.kZ; ] [ laLFkk LFkkiusps Qk;ns ] [ ?kuekiu i/nrhus ik.kh iqjoBk ] [dzfr dk;Zdze ]
[djkjukek] [ik.kh okij lgdkjh laLFkk vk<kok o izxrh ]
lgdkjh ik.kh okij laLFkk o ?kuekiu i/nrhus ik.kh iqjoBk-

lgdkjh ik.kh okij laLFksl ?kuekiui/nrhus ik.kh iqjoBk gksrks-laLFksl gaxkefugk; Bjkfod dksVk eatwj dsyk tkrks o R;k ik.;koj vk/kkfjr fidkps Lokra+= laLFksl ns.;kr ;srs-laLFksus miyC/k ik.;kps 'kkL=h; i/nrhus fu;kstu dsY;klR;kpk laLFksl [kwi Qk;nk gksmn 'kdrks-'kkL=h; i/nrhus fu;kstu o veyctko.khlkBh [kkyhy xks"Vh mi;qDr Bjrhy-

1- ikVca/kkjs [kkR;kdMwu feG.kkjs ik.kh gs pkjhP;k eq[kk'kh ekstwu fnys tkrs-gs ekst.;klkBh ts lk/ku izokg ekid cka/kys vkgs R;kph ekfgrh Eg.ktsp izokg ekidkpk izdkj]ik.;kph maph ekst.;klkBh vlysyh iVVh]maphoju izokg dk<.;kpk rDrk b-dju ?ks.ks vko';d vkgs-ikVca/kkjs [kkR;kP;k 'kk[kkf/kdkjh o dkyos fujh{kd ;kauh ik.kh okij lgdkjh laLFksP;k lacaf/kr deZpkjh@inkf/kdkjh ;kauk gs letkowu lkaxhrys ikfgts-

2- izokg D;qlsd fdaok fyVj izrh lsdan ;k ekikr ekstyk tkrks-izokg njjkst dehr deh nksu osGk [kkR;kpk deZpkjh o laLFkspk izfrfu/kh ;kauh la;qDri.ks ekstwu eksteki iqLrdkr R;kph uksan ?ksryh ikfgts-Eg.kts fg'kksc o vkdkj.kh djrkuk vMp.kh ;sr ukghr-

3- izokg D;qlsd Eg.ktsp ?kuQwV izrh lsdan ;k ekikr ekstyk tkrks-ik.;kpk dksVk ek= ?kuehVj e/;s fnyk tkrks o ekstyk tkrks-Eg.kwu D;qlsdps ?kuehVje/;s jikarj dj.ks vko';d vkgs rs [kkyhy fnY;kizek.ks djrk ;sbZy-

,d D;qlsd ik.kh tj ,d fnol Eg.kts 24 rkl feGr vlsy rj 2450 ?kuehVj brds vlrs-lkslk;Vhyk dksVk gk ;qfuV Eg.ktsp 1000 ?kuehVjP;k ekikr fnyk tkrks-;kpk vFkZ ojhy 2450 ?kuehVj ik.kh Eg.ktsp 2-45;qfuV-

1 D;qlsd izokg 24 rkl---- 2450 ?kuehVj------- 2-45 ;quhV-

4- izR;sd ikGh fdaok gaxkr miyC/k dksV;ke/;s Eg.ktsp ;wuhVl e/;s fdrh {ks= fHktw 'kdsy ;kph ekfgrh rDrk dzekad 1 e/;s fnysyh vkgs-gk rDrk 100 ;wuhVl Eg.kts 100 gtkj ?kuehVj ik.;ke/;s 1 rs 8 ikG;ke/;s o izR;sd ikGhr 50 eh-eh-2bap fdaok 75 eh-eh-3 bap fdaok 100 eh-eh-4 bap ik.kh fnY;kl fdrh gsDVj {ks= fHktw 'kdsy gs nk[korks-gyD;k izrhP;k tfeuhr 50 eh-eh-2 bap ]e/;eizfrP;k tfeuhr 75eh-eh-3 bap o Hkkjh tfeuhr 100 eh-eh-4 bap ik.kh O;oLFkhr clrs-mnk-laLFkspk ,dw.k dksVk letk 100 ;wuhVl vkgs o rwEgkyk 4 ikG;k |ko;kP;k vkgsr-rlsp izR;sd ikGhr 100 eh-eh-ik.kh |ko;kps vkgs-;kizek.ks fHkt.kkjs {ks= dk<.;klkBh 100 eh-eh-P;k vksGhr pkj ikG;kaP;k jdkU;kr tks vkdMk fnlsy rks okpkok-;kckcrhr gk vkdMk 25 gsDVj vkgs-pkj ikG;k ,Soth rhu ikG;k fnY;k rj 33 gsDVj {ks=k fHktork ;sbZy-fdaok 100 eh-eh-ik.;k,Soth 75 eh-eh-brds ik.kh fnY;kl rhu ikG;ke/;s 44 gsDVj {ks= fHktork ;sbZy Eg.kts xjtsizek.ks ikG;k o dkVdljhus ik.;kpk okij dju deh maphps ik.kh fnY;kl vf/kd {ks= fHktork ;srs-;k rDR;kP;k [kkyh dkagh fVi.;k fnY;k vkgsr R;kgh letkowu ?;k-

izR;sd ikGhr fHktok;P;k {ks=klkBh fdrh ;wfuVlph ekx.kh djkoh ;klkBh ;k rDR;kpk mi;ksx djrk ;sbZy-mnk-%letk ,dk ikGhr vkiY;kyk 75 fe-eh-ps ik.kh |ko;kps vkgs o 50 gsDVj {ks=k fHktoko;kps vkgs rj fdrh ;wfuVl ik.;kph ekx.kh djkoh-! ;klkBh 75fe-eh-P;k vksGhr ,dk ikGhP;k jdkU;krhy vkdMk okpk o vkdMk 133 gsDVj Eg.kts 133 gsDVjlkBh 100 ;wuhVl ik.kh ykxrs rj 50 gsDVjlkBh fdrh ;wfuVl ykxrhy rs [kkyhy izek.ks %------

50/133 x 100 = 37units

;kizek.ks 37 ;quhVl ekx.kh [kkR;kdMs djkoh ykxsy-

tfeuhr 100 fe-eh-4 bap ik.kh O;ofLFkr clrs

5- laLFksyk [kkR;kdMs izR;sd ikGhr ik.;kph ekx.kh uksanokoh ykxrs-rh ;wfuVle/;s R;kpizek.ks D;qlsd o fnol ;k Lo#ikr |koh ykzxrs- ;klkBh rDrk dzzekad nksu mi;ksxh vkgs Eg.ktsp 37;wuhVllkBh 4 D;qlsd ik.kh 3 fnol 20 rkl feGk;yk ikfgts v'kh ekx.kh dsyh ikfgts-

6- pkjhe/kwu pkjhP;k {kersizek.ks o izokgkP;k miyC/krsizek.ks fnys tkrs-laLFksyk izR;sd ikGhr tso<s fnol ik.kh fnys tkrs R;kps ;wfuVl e/;s #ikarj dj.;klkBhgh rDrk nksupk okij djrk ;sbZy- mnk-% letk pkjh 5 D;qlsdP;k {kersizek.ks 7 fnol 14 rkl pkpyh rj fdrh ;wfuVl ik.kh feGkys rs [kkyhyizek.ks dk<rk ;sbZy-

- 5 D;qlsdP;k vksGhr o 7 O;k fnolkP;k jdkU;krhy ;wuhVl-----------------86

5 D;qlsdP;k vksGhr 12rklkP;k Eg.kts 1@2 fnolkP;k jdkU;krhy ;wfuVl----8

5 D;qlsdP;k vksGhr 2 rklkP;k jdkU;krhy ;wfuVl -----------------------------1

,dw.k 93 ;wfuVl-

 

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7- [kkyhyizek.ks dkagh ekstekikps ifjek.k o R;kaps #ikarj fnys vkgs-usgehP;k okijkr gs mi;ksxh B# 'kdsy-

1bap ------- 2-5 lsa-eh- ------ 25 feyhehVj-

1gsDVj------ 2-5 ,dj

1?kuehVj------35-38 ?kuQwV -----1000 fyVlZ

1D;qlsd------28-3fyVj izfr lsdan (vabkts 30 fyVlZ izfr lsdan-)

?kuekiu i/nrhus ik.kh ekstwu ?ks.ks]ekstwuns.ks o R;kpk uhV fg'kksc Bso.ks gs tj letkowu ?ksrys o okijkr vk.kys rj ik.;kph [kjks[kjp cpr gksowu vf/kd {ks= fHktw 'kdsy mRiknukrgh ok< gksbZy o laLFksyk vkfFkZd Qk;nkgh gksbZy-

izR;sd ikGhr |k;ps ik.kh-eh-eh-
1
2
ik.;kP;k ikG;k-3
4
5
6
7
8
50
200
100
66
50
40
33
28
25
75
133
66
44
33
26
22
19
16
100
100
50
33
25
20
16
14
12

1- jCch gaxkekr uqlrk ml dsyk o 100 eh-eh-P;k 6 ikG;k fnY;k rj lksGk gsDVj fHktsy-R;kp ik.;kr xOgkps 75 eh-eh-P;k ikp ikG;kr 26 gsDVj {ks= fHktsy fdaok Tokjhps rhu ikG;kr 44 gsDVj {ks= fHktsy-

2- ckjekgh fidk[kkyh fHktw 'kd.kkjs {ks= mUgkGh gaxkekrhy miyC/k dksV;kizek.ks Bjokos ykxsy-

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